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Yungang Grottoes, Datong, Shanxi province

The Yungang Grottoes (Simplified Chinese: 云冈石窟; Traditional Chinese: 雲崗石窟; pinyin: Yúngāng Shíkū) are ancient Buddhist temple grottoes near the city of Datong in the Chinese province of Shanxi.

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Yungang Grottoes Location

Shanxi's name literally means "mountains' west", which refers to the province's location west of the Taihang Mountains. Shanxi borders Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Shaanxi to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the north.

Yungang Grottoes site is located about 16 km south-west of the city, in the valley of the Shi Li river at the base of the Wuzhou Shan mountains.

Yungang Grottoes Attractions

Yungang Grottoes are excellent examples of rock-cut architecture and one of the three most famous ancient sculptural sites of China. The others are Longmen Grottoes and Mogao Caves.

The grottoes were mainly constructed in the period between 460-525 AD during the Northern Wei dynasty. They are an outstanding example of the Chinese stone carvings from the 5th and 6th centuries. All together the site is composed of 252 grottoes with more than 51,000 Buddha statues and statuettes. In 2001, the Yungang Grottoes were made a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


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More on Yungang Grottoes, Datong, Shanxi province

Description of Yungang Grottoes, Datong, Shanxi province at the World Heritage Listing

Yungang Grottoes, Datong, Shanxi province Photo Gallery

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